FRAGEN & ANTWORTEN


High School

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Können Sie mir eine gute Organisation empfehlen?

Eine gute Organisation zeichnet sich durch die sorgfältige Auswahl der Schüler und durch eine gute Vorbereitung in Deutschland und in den USA aus.  Kontaktieren Sie mehr als eine Organisation bevor Sie Ihre Entscheidung treffen und sprechen Sie mit ehemaligen oder gegenwärtigen Teilnehmern, z.B. über Ausgetauscht.de oder Schüleraustausch.de.

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Benötige ich ein Visum wenn ich weniger als 3 Monate in den USA zur Schule gehe?

Ja! Sobald Sie aktiv am Unterricht teilnehmen, benötigen Sie ein Visum. Dabei spielt die Länge des Schulbesuchs keine Rolle.

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Welche Impfungen muss ich haben?

Zur Einreise in die USA sind keine Impfungen vorgeschrieben. Viele Schulen verlangen jedoch Nachweise für bestimmte Impfungen. Auskünfte erteilen die Schulen selbst

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Meine Schule nimmt nicht am Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) teil, und kann mir das I-20 Formular nicht ausstellen. Gibt es eine andere Möglichkeit?

Leider nein. Sie können die Schule bitten, beim United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) www.uscis.gov einen Antrag zu stellen.  Die Bearbeitung kann zwischen drei und sechs Monate dauern. Ein Anspruch darauf haben Sie aber nicht.

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Ich würde gerne im Anschluss an das Highschool Jahr mit meinen Eltern in den USA reisen. Wie lange kann ich im Land bleiben?

Vorsicht: Verwechselungsgefahr!
Die Visumsbestimmungen sehen vor, dass J - Visahalter 30 und F -Visahalter 60 Tage nach Ende des Programms im Land bleiben dürfen. Das Programmende steht auf dem DS-2019 bzw. auf dem I-20. 
Das Ablaufdatum des Visums wird bei der Einreise in den Pass gestempelt und schliesst diese extra Zeit bereits mit ein. Das Datum auf dem Visum ist der letztmögliche Ausreisetermin und darf nicht überschritten werden! Manchmal findet sich anstelle des Datums nur ein "d/s" (=duration of status) Hinweis im Pass. Dann berechnet sich das Datum nach dem Programmende wie es im DS-2019 steht plus 30 Tage ( J Visum) oder wie im I-20 plus 60 Tage (F Visum)

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Ich würde gerne sechs Wochen vor dem Schuljahresbeginn Urlaub mit meinen Eltern in den USA machen. Geht das?

Leider nein. Die Bestimmungen besagen, dass die Einreise maximal 30 Tage vor Programmbeginn erfolgen darf. Theoretisch wäre es möglich, mit einem Besuchsvisum einzureisen und den Status vor Ort ändern zu lassen. Davon ist aber dringend abzuraten, da die Änderung unter Umständen Wochen oder sogar Monate dauern kann. Während dieser Zeit ist der Schulbesuch nicht gestattet! Besucher, die das visumsfreie Reisen nutzen, können keine Statusänderung in den USA beantragen.

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Was heisst "angemessenes Schulgeld" beim selbstorganisierten Schüleraustausch?

Angemessen heisst, die nicht-subventionierten Kosten, die für einen amerikanischen Schüler an dieser Schule enstehen. Informationen über die Schuldistrikte einschliesslich ihrer Ausgaben pro Schüler finden Sie beim National Center for Education Statistics: wenn Sie den Bundesstaat und den Ort eineben, erhalten Sie die Schuldistrikte. Klicken Sie auf den entsprechenden Distrikt: die Informationen schliessen die Option ein, finanzielle Daten('fiscal data') aufzurufen.  
Genaue Zahlen erhalten Sie von der Schule.

Studium

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Welche Universität ist die beste? Wo finde ich Rankings?

Es gibt nicht “die beste” Universität, sondern nur die jeweils beste Universität für die jeweilige Person. Bei der Auswahl sollten Studenten vor allem auch auf die eigenen Interessen und Neigungen achten.  Dies steigert auch die Chancen an einer Universität angenommen zu werden und ggf. auch finanzielle Förderung zu erhalten. Universitäten und Colleges achten immer darauf, dass der Bewerber zu ihrem Profil passt. Bei der Suche nach einer Universität sollte man unter anderem folgende Aspekte bedenken: Qualität, Ruf, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit, Zulassungsvoraussetzungen, „financial aid“, Zusammensetzung der Klassen, Wohnumfeld, angebotene Abschlüsse, Prozentsatz internationaler Studenten, Zusammensetzung und Qualifikation der Lehrenden, Aufbau des Studiums, Forschungseinrichtungen.
Bei Rankings ist zu beachten, dass jedes Ranking nach eigenen Kriterien erstellt wird. Eine umfangreiche Linkliste von “College and Undergraduate Rankings“ findet sich unter www.library.uiuc.edu/edx/rankgen.htm

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Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “College” und “University”?

Die Begriffe sind nicht gesetzlich geschützt. Bildungseinrichtungen in den USA können als “college”, “university”, “institute” oder auch mit anderen Begriffen bezeichnet werden. „Colleges“ und „Institutes“ haben den gleichen Stellenwert wie „universities“, doch handelt es sich bei „collleges“ in der Regel um kleinere Einrichtungen, die den Bachelor’s Degree anbieten. „Universities“ bieten auch Kurse auf der „graduate“ Ebene an (Master’s, PhD)

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Wie lange dauert es, einen Abschluss auf der “undergraduate” und der „graduate“ Ebene zu erhalten?

Die meisten “undergraduate programs” sind auf vier Jahre Vollstudium ausgelegt. Vereinzelt werden im Heimatland erbrachte Leistungen anerkannt.  „Master’s degrees“ sind in der Regel auf zwei Jahre angelegt. Für den Doktortitel werden meistens drei Jahre Studium und die Doktorarbeit vorausgesetzt.

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Kann ich mit einem deutschen Abschluss (Master's, Diplom, Magister) das PhD Studium überspringen und nur die Doktorarbeit schreiben?

Die Entscheidung über die Einstufung der Bewerber liegt ausschliesslich bei den Universitäten.  Es ist aber sehr unwahrscheinlich, dass der gesamten Studienteil - der in der Regel auf drei Jahre ausgelegt ist - übersprungen werden kann.  Im Einzelfall kann aber dieser Teil aufgrund der Anerkennung von bereits erbrachten Leistungen verkürzt werden.

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Wo finde ich akkreditierte Universitäten?

Die "Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA)" Datenbank umfasst mehr als 17.000 akkreditierte Programme. Gehen Sie zuwww.chea.org/search/search.asp.  Wenn die gesuchte Institution in der Datenbank aufgeführt ist, ist das Programm akkreditiert.

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Wie lange dauert ein Master's Degree oder ein PhD?

Die meisten “Master's Degrees” sind auf zwei Jahre Vollstudium ausgelegt. Für den Doktortitel werden meistens drei Jahre Studium und die Doktorarbeit vorausgesetzt.

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Wird ein berufsbezogener Abschluss von einem Community College in Deutschland anerkannt?

Bitte wenden Sie sich im Einzelfall an die IHK oder die zuständigen deutschen Berufsverbände.  Es gibt keine Abkommen zwischen den beiden Ländern über die gegenseitige Anerkennung von Abschlüssen.

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What's the difference between a college and a university?

The terms, college and university, are used interchangeably and mean the same thing in the U.S. As a general rule, colleges tend to be smaller and usually offer only undergraduate degrees, while a university also offers graduate degrees.  Within each college or university you will find schools, such as school of arts and sciences or the school of business.

 

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What is the difference between state and private colleges & universities?

State colleges and universities, also called public universities, are founded and subsidized by U.S. state governments to provide low-cost education to residents of that state.  These universities tend to be very large and generally admit a wider range of students than private universities.  State university tuition costs are generally lower than those of private universities.  International students, as well as those from other states, are considered out-of-state residents and therefore pay a higher tuition than residents of the state in which the institution is located.

Private colleges & universities are funded by a combination of endowments, gifts from their alumni, research grants, and tuition fees.  Tuition fees tend to be higher than state universities, but there is no distinction made between state and non-state residents. Private universities are usually smaller and can have religious affiliation or can be single-sex schools.

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Please define "undergraduate" and "graduate" degrees

Undergraduate: A program leading to an associate (2-year) or a bachelor’s (4-year) degree; generally following high/secondary school.

Graduate: A program leading to a master’s degree or doctoral degree; advanced study generally following a bachelor’s degree.

 

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Who can become a college or university student? Are there age limitations to attend U.S. colleges and universities?

A high school education is usually required to become an undergraduate university student. Many institutions will not accept international students who are younger than age 17. There are sometimes exceptions to that general rule.

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What are the different undergraduate degrees)

Associate Degrees
Degree granted by a college or university after the satisfactory completion of a two year full time program of study or its part time equivalent. 
The associate of arts (A.A.) or associate of science (A.S.) degree is granted after students complete a program of study similar to the first two years of a four year college curriculum.  The associate in applied science (A.A.S.) is awarded by many colleges on completion of technological or vocational programs of study. Associate degree programs may be "terminal" programs, which lead into specific careers upon graduation, or "transfer" programs, which correspond to the first two years of a bachelor's degree and tend to be more liberal arts based. Under the latter option one could then transfer into the third year of a four-year bachelor's degree program.

Bachelor's or Baccalaureate Degree
Degree received after the satisfactory completion of a four or five year full time program of study or its part time equivalent at a college or university. 
The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.S.) are the most common baccalaureates.  There is no absolute difference between the degrees, and policies concerning their award very from college to college. International students cannot generally study part-time and must maintain full-time status during the academic year. One of the most attractive features of the bachelor's degree program in the United States is that it is highly flexible. You can usually choose from a wide variety of courses and create your own unique program of study. The degree is awarded after you complete a specified number of credits. The first year of study is called the freshman year; the second is called sophomore; the third, junior; and the fourth, senior.

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What are the different graduate degrees?

Master's Degree
A master's degree is designed to provide additional education or training in the student's specialized branch of knowledge, well beyond the level of baccalaureate study. Master's degrees are offered in many different fields, and there are two main types of programs: academic and professional. 
A person who finishes graduate school in the U.S. earns an M.A., M.S. or Ph.D. degree (Master of Arts, Master of Science or Doctorate of Philosophy). The Ph.D. is the highest scientific degree in the U.S. This degree usually requires at least three years of study and a dissertation defense. M.A. or M.S. degrees are awarded after two years of graduate studies.

Academic Masters: The Master of Arts (M.A.) and Master of Science (M.S.) degrees are usually awarded in the traditional arts, sciences, and humanities disciplines. The M.S. is also awarded in technical fields such as engineering and agriculture. Original research, research methodology, and field investigation are emphasized.

Professional Masters: These degree programs are designed to lead the student from the first degree to a particular profession. Professional master's degrees are most often "terminal" master's programs, meaning that they do not lead to doctoral programs. Such master's degrees are often designated by specific descriptive titles, such as master of business administration (M.B.A.), master of social work (M.S.W.), master of education (M.Ed.), or master of fine arts (M.F.A.). Other subjects of professional master's programs include journalism, international relations, architecture, urban planning, public administration (M.P.A.), and public policy (M.P.P.).

Doctoral Degrees
A doctoral degree is designed to train research scholars and, in many cases, future college and university faculty members. Receipt of a doctoral degree certifies that the student has demonstrated capacity as a trained research scholar in a specific discipline.

At the doctoral level, the Ph.D. (doctor of philosophy) is the most common degree awarded in academic disciplines. Other doctoral degrees are awarded primarily in professional fields, such as education (Ed.D. or Doctor of Education) and Business Administration (D.B.A. or Doctor of Business Administration). Doctoral programs involve advanced coursework, seminars, and the writing of a dissertation that describes the student's own original research, completed under the supervision of a faculty adviser.

The Ph.D. degree is awarded to those students who complete an original piece of significant research, write a dissertation describing that research, and successfully defend their work before a panel of faculty members who specialize in the discipline. This may take an additional two to three years. To earn a Doctoral Degree it may take anywhere from five to eight years beyond the bachelor's degree, depending on the field of study.

 

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What is a liberal arts college and what are the benefits of a liberal arts education?

The liberal arts philosophy is a unique feature of the U.S. higher education system and offers a well-rounded academic education that develops the student's verbal, written and reasoning skills. Students at a liberal arts college, or at a university with a strong liberal arts program, begin their degree study by taking classes in a wide variety of courses in the liberal arts, humanities, languages and the social and physical sciences. They then choose a subject in which to specialize and take about 25 to 50 percent of their classes in the major area.

The study of the liberal arts and humanities prepares students to develop general knowledge and reasoning ability rather than specific skills offering a well rounded education. Some of the liberal arts colleges are small and some students leaving home for the first time, especially traveling to another country, will do much better in the smaller atmosphere. These colleges are well equipped with the latest technology and facilities. You will have a better chance of actually being taught by the professor rather than a graduate student in a smaller college. You can get to know your professors and they will get to know you by name! There is always the option of transferring to a larger university at a later time.

A liberal arts education also helps better prepare you for the ever-changing job market.  Current research indicates that the average student will change jobs 8-10 times, in their professional careers, and many who are studying for degrees today may very well be employed in jobs that do not yet exist.  The liberal arts tradition equips students with critical thinking skills, reasoning, and excellent communications skills (both written & oral) that will be essential for obtaining employment in a new field.

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What is a community college and what are the benefits of attending?

Community colleges are sometimes called junior or two-year colleges and there are more than 1,700 such colleges in the U.S. Most community colleges are state-supported.  A few are independent or under private control.

In addition to academic programs leading to college degrees (e.g. associates degrees), community colleges offer vocational education and technical training.  Community colleges also usually have strong ties with their state’s universities.  This makes it easier for the student to transfer to one of these universities to complete the last two years of a four year Bachelors Degree after completing an Associates Degree at the Community College. The cost of a Community College is significantly less than a four year university and although they are less expensive you can still receive an excellent education there. Many American and international students attend the first two years of study in a community college with lower costs and easier admission policies to take many of the required subjects connected to their degree and then transfer for their last two years to a four year university.

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How can I find out which colleges & universities are rated best for a specific academic major?

There are many magazines and publications that seek to rank US colleges and universities.  What is important to remember – there are no official rankings of U.S. colleges and universities from within the United States.  Each magazine or group that ranks institutions uses their own set of criteria that may or may not be giving you the information that is most relevant for your search. The U.S. News & World Report rankings are one of the most recognized U.S. university rankings sources. Following is their website:

colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges

Please note: Education USA is in no way affiliated with US News. Additionally, when deciding on what university is best for you other factors should be taken into play. Such as cost, location, majors etc.

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How can I find if an institution is accredited?

The U.S. does not have a central government office that approves educational institutions.  Instead it relies on a system of voluntary accreditation carried out by non-governmental accrediting bodies to ensure that schools meet standards. For accreditation information see the following US Government website:

www.ope.ed.gov/accreditation/. This weblink allows you to search for a specific university or look up institutions by state.

Another website for accreditation information is:  www.chea.org.

If you intend to study in the United States you will not be issued a student visa unless the university you wish to attend is accredited by the U.S. Department of Education.

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Explain the transfer process to a U.S. college or university from a university outside of the U.S.

Students transfer every year from other countries into U.S. degree programs and successfully complete their degrees. However, the structure of degrees in other countries rarely matches the structure of U.S. degrees, making the transfer process more complicated. The types of institutions in other countries also vary from those in the United States.

The transfer institution needs to consider a number of factors when granting credit for the courses you have taken at a non-U.S. institution. You may consider the following factors on which U.S. colleges & universities typically make decisions:

Is your university or college recognized by the ministry of education in your country? U.S. colleges are looking for institutions that are recognized by a ministry of education; however, if some other authority approves your college, it may still be acceptable. Decisions vary from college to college and often depend on what the situation would be for a similar college in the United States.

How similar is the nature or character of the courses you have taken to those offered at the transfer institution?

U.S. schools usually assess similarity by looking at information from course descriptions, syllabi, or catalogs. If your institution is not well known in the United States, the college may have to do a more detailed evaluation with you when you arrive, and only then decide whether and how to grant transfer credit.

How applicable are your courses toward the degree, and in particular the major, that you wish to pursue? This will often involve evaluation of the courses by both the admissions office and the academic department to which you wish to be admitted. They will look at whether courses can be accepted for transfer credit first, and then at whether they can count toward the requirements for a specific major.

Applying courses toward a particular major is most difficult for professional programs such as engineering, architecture, or journalism, where course requirements are carefully structured and often dictated by accrediting bodies for the profession.

To make the transfer process run as smoothly as possible, you are advised to make sure all academic records provided are official and bear the original stamp or seal of the issuing institution. Submit course descriptions in English for all post-secondary courses taken. They should also include:

Summaries or outlines of the major topics covered in each course (If an outline is not available, write a summary yourself and have it certified by your school as accurate.)

The number of units or hours required in lecture and laboratory for each course on a weekly basis
The length of the term or academic year, and, if it is not given elsewhere, the year in which you took the course
Prepare a list of textbooks used in each course as this will help in any decisions that are made after you arrive at the campus about whether to grant credit for particular course
Provide information on the total number of courses, credits, or units required for the diploma or degree program from which you are transferring

Students who transfer into a U.S. institution may also be able to receive credit for their secondary school work if it is considered to be comparable to introductory college-level work in the United States. Ask each college about its own policy on this issue.

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What is the difference between online studies and distance studies?

Essentially there is no difference, rather online studies is one of many means of distance learning (distance education). Distance education is a type of formal learning in which student and instructors are in different places. It may be synchronous or asynchronous. If distance education is synchronous, instruction is given at a particular time and, usually, at specific locations. If distance education is asynchronous, instruction can be received by students wherever and whenever they desire, as long as they have access to the Internet or, in the case of correspondence education, to the mail.

Distance education can be accomplished through mail, telephones and voicemail, one-way or interactive radio, television, satellite, audio, or video transmission, video cassette recorders (VCRs) or CD-ROMs, e-mail and online.

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Is Distance Learning available on the graduate level?

Yes. To find accredited online distance learning programs please search the following website for the Distance Education & Training Council for accredited programs: DETC

 

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Do students have to study a fixed set of subjects or can they individually form their major?

There are certain required subjects all students must take when studying for a degree. Also there are required core subjects you will be expected to take to complete your major. You will have the opportunity to also choose a list of electives. Degree programs in some subject areas are highly structured, and universities dictate exactly which courses a student must take and when they must take them in order to graduate with a major in that area.

It is important to check the requirements of any majors you may wish to pursue.  There is also great variation between course requirements in liberal arts colleges.  Some colleges require students to take a certain number of classes in each of the broad subject groups, while other liberal arts colleges have no such requirements, merely making “strong recommendation” that students complete a well rounded education.

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Explain the transfer process from a community college to a four-year university

A smooth transition from a community college to a four-year institution depends on the strength of the articulation agreement between the two schools.  These contracts specify which courses transfer automatically from one institution to the other and, therefore, can be counted toward the four-year degree.  Public community colleges work closely with the public universities in their state to develop transfer guidelines.  The transfer of credits involving a private or an out-of-state institution may not be as well defined.

If your ultimate goal is to earn a Bachelor’s Degree, then as early as possible you should:

Declare your intent to pursue a transfer Associate DegreeConfer with the academic/transfer counselor at the Community College to identify a majorSelect a four-year institution and seek out the latest information on its transfer policy and its programs of study.

One reason for planning carefully is that schools do not have the same course requirements for identical degrees.  By targeting the four-year institution early and determining what is needed to transfer, then following a carefully designed program, you can avoid unnecessary work and expense.

Because of accreditation or university requirements, some four-year institutions cannot accept certain courses from other schools.  Before taking a lot courses in one field of study, students should talk to their academic/transfer counselor, who will be familiar with any restrictions.

Some institutions have worked together to establish “dual admissions” policies whereby students are admitted to both the two-year and the four-year schools at the same time.  Immediately after completing an Associate Degree, the student may transfer directly into the bachelor’s program at the cooperating university.

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Are there opportunities for university exchange programs?

Many U.S. universities have formal links with universities outside the United States, and they have set up student exchange programs with these universities. Under such programs, U.S. students and students from another country trade places and experience living in each other’s countries and studying at each other’s universities.

Usually, the courses studied count toward the student’s degree program in his or her home country. Most of these programs run for either a semester or an academic year. The advantage of this arrangement is that students from outside the United States generally pay the amount of tuition charged by their home university rather than the tuition and fees of the U.S. college or university which can be considerably higher.

Contact the office responsible for international programs and linkages at your institution to ask if your school has exchange agreements with any U.S. colleges or universities. If it does, find out how the exchange program operates and whether you are eligible to take part. Also, many U.S. universities list their exchange programs on their Web sites. You may be able to apply for funding for an undergraduate exchange program from your home university or institute, even if study abroad is not a requirement for your program of study. Funding from U.S. institutions for short-term study of this kind is very limited. If you are not eligible to receive funding from your own school or from the U.S. institution, you might try to obtain funding from social, welfare, or community organizations like Rotary International; from multinational companies; or from local businesses.

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What is the length of study for MBA programs in the U.S.? Can you work while studying?

MBAs are traditionally two-year programs, though there are some one-year intensive programs. International students are allowed to work on campus up to 20 hours per week for the first year they are in the US. After the first year, international students can apply for permission to work off campus up to 20 hours per week if the work is directly related to their field of study, and must be approved by the international student office where the students are studying. Many international MBA students have full-time internships or jobs the summer following their first year.

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What is the academic calendar for colleges and universities in the U.S.?

There are following main types of financial aid for international students:
Scholarships, Fellowships, Graduate, Teachinh and Research Assistanctships, Tuition Waiver, and Institutionally-Sponsored Loans, although thier names in concrete universities can vary considerably. they can provide partial or full funding (that covers all costs).

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What is GPA and what is the U.S. grading system?

Schools, colleges and universities in the U.S. commonly use letter grades to indicate the quality of a student's academic performance.  Each letter grade has a numeric value which is used to establish a grade point or quality point average (GPA/QPA).

Each student completes his or her degree with a grade point average (GPA). A cumulative grade point average is the GPA for all courses taken throughout the degree program. Most colleges and universities use a GPA scale of 4.0. To work out your GPA, take the numerical value assigned to the letter grade you achieve for each course then multiply this number by the number of credits each course is worth. Finally, add these numbers together and divide by the total number of credits for all courses.

100-90 =A=4 (excellent)

89-80% =B=3 (good)

79-70% =C=2 (average)

69-60% =D=1 (below average)

59-50%=E or F (failing)

Work rated C or above is usually required of an undergraduate student to continue his or her studies. Grades of P (pass), S (satisfactory), and N (no credit) can also be used. In percentage scales, 100 percent is the highest mark, and 65-70 percent is usually the lowest passing mark. Your GPA may be interpreted differently by each college and university in the U.S. based on their review of your mark sheets/transcripts.

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Please explain Englisch language proficiency requirements

A basic requirement for successful study in the U.S. is the ability to communicate in English.  If English is not your native language, U.S. universities and colleges will ask you to take an English language proficiency test before admitting you to a degree program.  Almost all institutions require either the TOEFL or IELTS.  For further information, check each college’s catalog or contact the admissions office to discuss your situation.  As with many areas of U.S. education each institution sets its own English language admission standard.  Some institutions may grant conditional acceptance with the understanding that you must attend English language classes, (ESL – English as Second Language) at their college prior to starting your degree program.  Once you have reached the required English language level, you will be able to start your studies.  In some cases it may be difficult for you to obtain a student visa if you cannot prove sufficient command of the English language to begin study in the U.S.

The following websites may give you some information on institutions that offer programs in English as Second Language (ESL) studies or intensive English Language programs:

www.ies-ed.com

www.aaiep.org

www.uciep.org

www.petersons.com/ac/select/acesl.html   

www.intensiveenglishusa.org

www.collegeboard.org

The U.S. Department of State offers a free online English course: www.usalearns.org

Tests

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Wo kann ich mich für den TOEFL anmelden? Und wann kann ich den TOEFL ablegen?

Anmeldung im Internet unter www.toefl.org (Learners & Testtakers / Log-in to your TOEFL iBT Profile) oder telefonisch: 0031-320-239-540 (europaweites Call Center in Holland, englischsprachig).  Die TOEFL-Termine liegen immer Freitags und Samstags und werden in der Regel wöchentlich angeboten.  Aber nicht an allen Testzentren kann man jede Woche den TOEFL ablegen.

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Ich möchte mich an einer Universität für ein Austauschsemester bewerben. Brauche ich dafür den SAT oder ACT?

Welche Testergebnisse eingereicht werden müssen entscheidet die jeweilige Universität.  Wenn Sie aber schon im Studium sind, ist es unwahrscheinlich, dass der SAT/ACT verlangt wird.  Informationen zu den einzureichenden Unterlagen finden sich auf den Seiten der jeweiligen Universitäten, oder Sie wenden sich direkt an die International Office und bitten um Auskunft.  

Kosten & Finanzierung

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Kann ich bei EducationUSA.de oder den Beratungszentren Stipendien beantragen?

EducationUSA vergibt keine Stipendien oder andere Arten der finanziellen Förderung. In den Beratungszentren finden sie aber umfangreiches Infomationsmaterial zu Fördermöglichkeiten.

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Wann kann ich mich für Stipendien bewerben? Wieviel Zeit sollte ich einplanen?

Je früher sie mit der Planung anfangen, desto besser. Häufig liegen Bewerbungstermine deutscher Institutionen, z.B. DAAD oder Fulbright, gut ein Jahr vor der gewünschten Ausreise.  Wer z.B. für Herbst 2013 ein Auslandssemester plant, bewirbt sich für bestimmte Stipendien im Sommer 2012.  Die genauen Termine finden Sie auf den Seiten der fördernden Einrichtungen oder erhalten im "International Office" ihrer Hochschule.  

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Was kostet ein Studium in den USA? Gibt es Stipendien?

Ein Studium in den USA ist nicht preiswert, aber es ist eine gute Investition in ihre Zukunft. Für 2005/2006 betrugen laut "The College Board, Trends in College Pricing, 2005" die Gesamtkosten (Gebühren, Unterkunft, Transport etc.) jährlich durchschnittlich

* Two-year, Public Community Colleges (commuter students): $11,692
* Four-year, Public Institutions (commuter students): $15,991
* Four-year, Public Institutions (state residents): $15,566
* Four-year, Public Institutions (out-of-state students): $23,239
* Four-year, Private Institutions (commuter students): $32,070
* Four-year, Private Institutions (residents): $31,916

Finanzierungshilfen finden sich u.a. unter  

Praktikum, Work & Travel

Au Pair, FSJ & mehr

Leben in den USA / Nützliche Infos

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Wo finde ich Informationen zu Ausbildungsberufen in den USA

Für viele Berufe, die in Deutschland Ausbildungsberufe sind, wird in den USA ein Universitätsabschluss (Associate oder Bachelor's Degree) verlangt.  Ein duales System wir hier ist weitgehend unbekannt.  Informationen zu Berufen und den Ausbildungswegen finden Sie im Occupational Outlook Handbook.  Darin werden Berufe vorgestellt und Ausbildungseinrichtungen angeführt.

Visum

Visum

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Ich befinde mich im Ausland und möchte mein US-Visum dort beantragen. Geht das?

Ja, man kann sein Visum an jedem US-Konsulat beantragen. Sie sollten aber bedenken, dass ein Nichteinwanderungsvisum nur erteilt wird, wenn der Antragsteller familiäre, soziale und/oder wirtschaftliche Bindungen an das Land nachweisen kann, in dem er seinen Lebensmittelpunkt hat. Dies kann im Ausland schwierig werden.
Zudem vergeben manche Konsulate - insbesondere in Ländern mit vielen Antragstellern - vorrangig Interviewtermine an Personen, die dort dauerhaft leben. Sie müssten u.U. sehr lange auf einen Termin warten.

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Benötige ich ein Visum wenn ich weniger als 3 Monate in den USA zur Schule gehe?

Ja! Sobald Sie aktiv am Unterricht teilnehmen, benötigen Sie ein Visum. Dabei spielt die Länge des Schulbesuchs keine Rolle.

Antwort auf/zuklappen

Ich würde gerne im Anschluss an das Highschool Jahr mit meinen Eltern in den USA reisen. Wie lange kann ich im Land bleiben?

Vorsicht: Verwechselungsgefahr!
Die Visumsbestimmungen sehen vor, dass J - Visahalter 30 und F -Visahalter 60 Tage nach Ende des Programms im Land bleiben dürfen. Das Programmende steht auf dem DS-2019 bzw. auf dem I-20. 
Das Ablaufdatum des Visums wird bei der Einreise in den Pass gestempelt und schliesst diese extra Zeit bereits mit ein. Das Datum auf dem Visum ist der letztmögliche Ausreisetermin und darf nicht überschritten werden! Manchmal findet sich anstelle des Datums nur ein "d/s" (=duration of status) Hinweis im Pass. Dann berechnet sich das Datum nach dem Programmende wie es im DS-2019 steht plus 30 Tage ( J Visum) oder wie im I-20 plus 60 Tage (F Visum)

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